Mr. John A. Pwamang, Acting Executive Director of Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has appealled to Ghanaians to help enforce the already existing environmental laws to help improve air quality and save thousands of lives everyday.
The celebration was on the theme “Air Pollution: Greening the Blue” and was attended by a number of school children, who are the target groups to help disseminate the message, teachers, some lecturers from UEW, the Effutu Assembly and the Effutu Directorate of the Ghana Education Service.
Calling for immediate action to help fight it in Ghana, Mr. Pwamang said air pollution knows no boundaries and there is the need to collectively control emissions into the environment.
He said pollutants in the air could stay in the atmosphere for shorter or longer periods, and pose serious Public Health Risks to humans, adding that, indoor and outdoor pollution were currently the most significant environmental contributors to premature deaths in Africa, outpacing malaria and HIV-AIDS.
He stated that in 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) indicated that, one in eight of Global deaths is as a result of exposure to air pollution, “either ambient air pollution or household air pollution”, jointly causing around 6.5 million deaths per year.
He said in Ghana, it is estimated that over 20,000 people die annually from exposure to air pollution, saying that, the EPA estimated that in 2015, 2,800 lives were lost in the Greater Accra Metropolitan area owing to the effects of air pollution. He warned that, the number could increase to approximately 4,600 by 2030 if no action is taken to reduce current and projected future levels of air pollution.
Mr. Pwamang informed the gathering that health hazards of air pollution vary, and is often based on how long and how much a person is exposed to it and can cause Acute Respiratory infections.
According to him,air pollution is therefore, the single most important public health risk factor that affects practically everyone on the planet and enforcement of existing laws to stop open burning of waste for instance is a vital step to take.